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On a recent expedition to explore the seamounts in the southern Indian Ocean by scientists, a new species of large squid was discovered. A specimen of the new species, which can grow up to 30 inches long, belongs to the deep-sea Chiroteuthid family, which are known for being radically bioluminescent (naturally glowing.) Don’t confuse this squid with the squidworm, a creature also just discovered that is so unusual that it requires a brand new genus.

This lovely squid find sparked a common question regarding squids and octopi (or octopuses, both plural forms are correct.) How do the two marine creatures differ?

Both tentacled types have a ton in common. They both live in salt water and are related to snails. They both move by jet propulsion and have hard beaks that are used to rip away the flesh of their prey. Neither animal produces poison that can harm humans. (The blue ringed octopus is an exception.) Expelling ink is a shared defense against predators.

And both creatures, amazingly, have blue blood.

(Speaking of blood and the ocean, researchers also recently announced the discovery of a critter called the “Dracula fish.” Learn the reason behind the grim name, here.)

While both species are related to mollusks, octopuses have no remnant of a shell. On the other hand, squids have a pen, a stiff structure that acts like a flexible backbone.

Squids and octopuses both have eight arms lined with suckers. But squids have two additional, prey-capturing tentacles that can be compared to implements from a horror film.

Their diets are also different. Octopuses feast on bottom-dwelling crustaceans, while squids eat fishes and shrimps. And, while squids live in schools in the open ocean, octopuses reside alone in sea floor dens.

BLACK LEADERS WANT DETAILS OF GUARD’S BUYOUT DEAL

The Record (Bergen County, NJ) December 16, 1999 | MAIA DAVIS, Staff Writer MAIA DAVIS, Staff Writer The Record (Bergen County, NJ) 12-16-1999 BLACK LEADERS WANT DETAILS OF GUARD’S BUYOUT DEAL By MAIA DAVIS, Staff Writer Date: 12-16-1999, Thursday Section: NEWS Edition: Two Star P, Also in One Star B

African-American community leaders Wednesday said they will press Passaic County officials to reveal the terms of a secret deal they made with youth detention guard Ronald Cohen in exchange for his resignation.

Cohen, 29, was a Paterson housing officer whose fatal shooting of an unarmed black teenager during a drug arrest in 1995 sparked riots in the city. Cohen, who is white, was not charged in the death of Lawrence Meyers and told authorities the gun went off accidentally.

When he was hired late last month as a guard at the county’s youth lockup, however, African-American community leaders were outraged. website law enforcement jobs

Cohen’s hiring by detention center director Robert Garigliano reopened the wound caused by the Meyers slaying, said black officers at the lockup and African-American leaders. The agreement freeholders announced Tuesday has not healed it, they said.

Sources say Cohen will receive about $7,600 in exchange for his resignation and agreement never to seek another law enforcement job in the county. In addition, county officials agreed not to reveal certain terms of the deal, including the sum paid. Officials said they had to accept that condition to resolve the matter quickly.

But the Rev. James Kuykendall, president of the Paterson Pastors Workshop, said his group will write a letter to freeholders demanding that they publicly release the details.

“It should have been made public,” Kuykendall said, “because whatever the agreement is, is going to be at the expense of taxpayers.”

An attorney for The Record told County Counsel William Pascrell III on Wednesday that the newspaper also is seeking public disclosure of the agreement.

“The public is completely entitled to this information,” said Vivian Waixel, editor and vice president of The Record. “How else can they judge the merits of the settlement?”

County officials said Cohen’s attorney insisted on keeping certain terms confidential. If the county had not agreed to this condition, negotiations would have dragged on, said Pascrell, whose office negotiated the agreement.

He said freeholders and the black community demanded swift action.

“What were we going to do — hunker down and not meet one of his [Cohen's] fundamental requests?” he asked.

Despite the non-disclosure aspect of the agreement, county sources said Cohen will receive four months of his $23,000 annual salary. In addition, the county agreed to report to any of Cohen’s future prospective employers that he resigned in good standing, the sources said.

Kuykendall said black residents are upset that, for the second time since Meyers was killed, Cohen is getting paid to leave a law enforcement job. go to site law enforcement jobs

“It looks like another opportunity for Mr. Cohen to make money at the expense of the life of the late Lawrence Meyers,” Kuykendall said.

Paterson paid Cohen $48,000 last year in exchange for his resignation and promise never to apply for another police job in that city.

The city had tried to fire him 10 months after the Meyers shooting because of what officials said was poor performance unrelated to the incident, as well as an unsatisfactory psychological evaluation. A state board reinstated Cohen because Paterson had failed to allow him to complete his one-year probation.

At the Tuesday freeholder meeting, Calvin Merritt, president of the Passaic city chapter of the NAACP, strongly protested the secrecy of the county’s deal with Cohen. Merritt said Wednesday that he cares less about the money than about whether the county will give Cohen a good recommendation when he applies for law enforcement jobs in other counties or states.

Merritt added that he applauds Pascrell for the quick work on the issue.

“That part, I’m 150 percent satisfied with,” Merritt said. “The secrecy of it, I am not satisfied [with] at all. The secrecy might allow him to get other law enforcement jobs.”

Also Tuesday, freeholders replaced Garigliano with Delores Ferguson, an African-American who is a sergeant at the Sheriff’s Department.

Freeholders were not aware Garigliano hired Cohen for the detention center job until they heard it from reporters. Once Cohen was hired, they said, they risked a lawsuit if they tried to fire him.

Moreover, officials said Wednesday, the county was “between a rock and a hard place” in negotiations with Cohen. He had no blemishes on his record — no criminal charges and no firing from previous positions — to justify letting him go. Under civil service rules, he was entitled to keep working at the detention center.

Freeholders voted unanimously in favor of the agreement with Cohen.

Several said Wednesday, however, that they were uncomfortable with not being able to discuss all the terms.

“In some cases, people just have to trust in their elected officials that we’re doing the right thing by the people,” said Freeholder James Gallagher, a member of the board’s Democratic majority.

Republican Freeholder Scott Rumana said that although he voted for the agreement, he thinks the county eventually will have to reveal its terms.

69 Comments

  1. YO MAMA -  January 13, 2011 - 5:31 pm

    i always thought they were the same thing…

    Reply
  2. Anonymous -  January 6, 2011 - 1:59 pm

    @Funny Man

    Actually, a couple of scientists did it and published their work 58 years ago (1953). Ever heard of the Miller-Urey Experiment?

    Reply
  3. blair waldorf -  December 8, 2010 - 12:43 am

    @lingUist geeK-sage(RP):

    hardworking enough that they’ve been deleting my comments for the past few days. SO here’s one for you iilii

    Reply
  4. lingUist geeK-sage(RP) -  December 7, 2010 - 12:24 pm

    It easily one of the most fascinating feature you guys posted.. Two thumbs up to the hardworking staff. The article says it’s “interesting”, I’m thrilled to disagree because it is undestatement,awe-strucking is the perfect word.To say the very least it disturbs the equanimity of my nonchalant mind.

    Reply
  5. smoothius -  December 2, 2010 - 11:56 am

    the reason they have blue blood is that they originated from the planet vulcan and were deposited here to confound our emotional views of the the world as we know it

    Reply
  6. WALNUT -  November 30, 2010 - 5:47 pm

    NEVER HAD AN ENCOUNTER WITH A SQUID BUT IN HAWAII A LITTLE OCTOPUS WOULD COME OUT OF HIS LIL BROWN BOTTLE ON THE OCEAN FLOOR AND HUG MY FOOT SEVERAL TIMES. IF I MOVED HIS LIL BROKEN GLASS DOOR HE REACHED OUT AND CLOSED IT….. I WONDER IF HE IS STILL THERE………… OH NO! ! ! THAT WAS SEVERAL YEARS AGO…. NOW I’M SAD AT HIS LOSS.

    Reply
  7. juile -  November 30, 2010 - 11:05 am

    i love squid!!!!!!!!!!! actully thats my nick name!!!!
    squid is my nickname

    Reply
  8. Samuel Lawrence Gutierrez -  November 29, 2010 - 5:32 pm

    good point,Rudolf Lowey-Ball.♥

    Reply
  9. Mateo -  November 29, 2010 - 4:28 pm

    yummy ;)

    Reply
  10. Saf -  November 29, 2010 - 10:41 am

    @bubbles

    Actually, “fishes” is an acceptable plural of fish, especially if you’re referring to a group comprised of different species.

    As for all of you people who get annoyed by “Octopi,” common usage defines language. I seriously doubt that you use the proper Latin pronunciation for our Latin loanwords (you’d sound pretty silly if you did). Don’t make me list all of the preposterous hypocrisies that you’re guilty of.

    ~Saf

    Reply
  11. Mark V -  November 29, 2010 - 7:05 am

    Octomopuses have 6 legs, and 2 arms.

    Reply
  12. snowdrop -  November 29, 2010 - 2:15 am

    I didn’t check all the comments to see whether anybody mentioned either animal as being intelligent. They showed experiments being done with octopuses in both Spanish and Italian coastal waters. These mainly involved their problem-solving skills, and their intelligence is amazing.
    So I’m beginning to wonder if squids have the same degree of intelligence, though since they have a stiff backbone (pen), they may have more trouble with these experiments, some of which required total flexibility.

    Reply
  13. Jocantha Telsey -  November 28, 2010 - 8:26 pm

    I used to think squids had six arms; that’s how i remembered the difference. But I thought only fish lived in schools. Squid do too?

    Reply
  14. Anonymous Puss. -  November 28, 2010 - 3:47 pm

    if you click on my name. click on this name.

    Reply
  15. bubbles -  November 28, 2010 - 3:47 pm

    it said fishes. fish is plural for a fish. it doesnt change.

    Reply
  16. Anonymous Puss. -  November 28, 2010 - 3:46 pm

    Nope! It’s Octopi (:

    I just want to say that this is quite useful and I enjoy reading “the hot word”.

    Reply
  17. Sherlock's Robot -  November 28, 2010 - 3:31 pm

    there are actually three known species of poisonous cephalopods: the Blue-Ringed Octopus, the Pajama-Striped Squid, and the Flamboyant Cuttlefish.

    Reply
  18. Mateo -  November 28, 2010 - 3:27 pm

    By the way, I’m REALLY sorry if I offended anyone. Please leave a comment in response to mine if you truly think someone cares about the correct plural form of octopus. Oh, and the article was great. Especially for marine-biologists (which I am not…)

    Reply
  19. Mateo -  November 28, 2010 - 3:25 pm

    I kinda like this comment thing. It’s fun :)

    Reply
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