Is “Rocket ‘88″ by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats the very first rock and roll record? The question has inspired debate among musicologists for years. Another equally contentious question: Where does the term rock and roll come from?
Rock is derived from the Old English roccain, related to the Old Nordic rykkja meaning, “to pull, tear, move.” The earliest recorded use of the term in literature can be found in the lullaby “Rock-a-bye Baby” from 1805.
Roll is derived from the Latin rotula meaning, “small wheel.” The phrase “rocking and rolling,” a metaphor used by seamen to describe the motion of a ship, dates from the 17th century. Similar metaphors slipped into popular discourse, but one in particular became the inspiration for the genre’s moniker. By the 1920s, “rocking and rolling” became a popular double entendre referring to either dancing or sex. Trixie Smith’s 1922 blues ballad, “My Man Rocks Me (With One Steady Roll)” may be the first use of the phrase in song.
Alan Freed, a disc jockey in Cleveland, Ohio used the phrase, “The Rock and Roll Session” to describe the amalgamation of rhythm and blues and country music he played during his show. As his radio show gained popularity, so too did the phrase. And why is the “and” sometimes written as ‘n? That’s called an apocopation – the omission of the final sound of a word.
What does Shakespeare have to do with punk rock? Find out here.
Do you have word questions related to other musical styles or artists? Let us know.
Midsection makeover: training your abs and lower back will give you a tighter, stronger middle.(Home Work)
Muscle & Fitness/Hers March 1, 2003 | Lyons, Kim for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.” Most of us know this quote as Newton’s third law of motion, but did you also know that every major muscle group has an opposite muscle group? Although their actions don’t really compete against each other, the abs and the lower back are perfect examples of opposing muscle groups.
Most of us know exactly when we last did crunches, but when was the last time you worked your lower back? Training one but not the other leads to an imbalance, which you may not even recognize because you adapt to these changes over time. If you feel lower back pain, you’ll likely reach for some Tylenol, but the long-term solution could simply be a more balanced workout. Lower back and ab training aren’t only essential for a beautiful midsection but they’re crucial in maintaining proper posture and helping to prevent lower-back injury. lowerbackexercisesnow.net lower back exercises
The next time you’re watching TV or just have a few minutes for a quick workout, give these basic ab and lower back exercises a try. They may seem simple, but they’ll result in better posture, a stronger core and a midsection you’ll be proud to show off. Before and after your workout, take a few minutes to stretch the appropriate muscle groups.
ab stabilizer This is one of my favorite ab exercises. Although the abs aren’t the main movers, they work very hard to hold you still. The goal is to keep your torso motionless. Lie faceup on the floor and flatten your lower back into the floor or maintain a neutral spine, whichever is more comfortable. The key is to choose one position and maintain it throughout the exercise. With your arms crossed over your chest and your hips and knees bent 90 degrees, simultaneously extend one leg straight out and lift your crossed arms overhead. Return to the start position before switching legs. Do as many reps as you can, maintaining good form, for at least a minute.
tip: If you can’t maintain proper form throughout the movement, try keeping the extended leg higher.
lower back stabilizer As with the ab stabilizer above, in this exercise you keep your torso motionless as you move your arms and legs. Get down on your hands and knees and set your spine in the neutral position (don’t allow your midsection to drop toward the floor). Lift your opposite arm and leg so they’re in line with your spine. Hold for a full second and slowly lower. Switch sides without noticeably shifting your weight onto your other knee–make the switch smoothly. Do as many reps as you can with good form for at least one minute.
tip: Don’t lift your leg and arm too high, which will cause your back to arch excessively. Keep your head, arm and leg in line with your spine.
combination stabilizer This unique exercise requires the use of both the lower back and ab muscles. Lie facedown on the floor, resting on your elbows with your arms tight at your sides and palms facing up. Place your left toes on top of your right heel and, using your abdominal and back muscles, push through your hips to lift your torso off the floor. Hold this position for as long as you can (at least a minute) before returning to the start. Switch feet and repeat, maintaining good form. this web site lower back exercises
tip: To start, place your elbows in a line directly below your shoulders.
bent-knee V-up Working both the upper and lower abdominal regions, this exercise requires balance and good core stabilization. Lie on your back with your arms by your sides, knees bent and feet on the floor. Simultaneously lift your knees toward your chest and crunch your upper body forward. Lower back to the start, keeping your heels and shoulder blades off the floor, and do three sets of 10 reps.
tip: Focus your eyes above your knees to keep your chin off your chest.
superman One of the safest and most effective back exercises, the superman is excellent for gaining lower-back strength. Lie facedown with your arms extended out in front, elbows slightly bent. Using your lower-back muscles, lift your chest off the floor, keeping your neck and arms in line with your spine.
tip: Avoid lifting your legs and chest simultaneously. This can put too much pressure on the discs in the back.
Fitness competitor Kim Lyons is certified by the National Academy of Sports Medicine as a personal trainer.
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