pangaea, pangae, gondwana, laurasia, amasia, continentsWhere would you have lived 200 million years ago? And will your descendants in Los Angeles or Bangkok live in Amasia instead of Asia or North America?

Maybe you’ve heard of Pangaea – the theoretical supercontinent that existed 200–300 million years ago and consisted of all the landmasses pushed together. Coined by Alfred Wegener in 1927, “Pangaea means “entire earth” in Greek. Wegener’s theory of continental drift also suggested that Pangaea split into two sub-supercontinents, Gondwana and Laurasia. No, he wasn’t making these words up off the top of his head. Gondwana comes from Sanskrit meaning “forest of the Indians” and refers to the landmasses that became South America, Africa, Australia and Antarctica. Laurasia became North America, Asia and Europe. The word Laurasia came from the name of the core of North America (Laurentia) and Eurasia.

The earth, though, hasn’t stopped moving. Geologists at Yale University predict that Asia and North America will join near the North Pole. Don’t worry – this will not happen in the foreseeable future. Continental drift is slow and steady, and the scientists say this particular shift will occur in 50–200 million years. They are proposing to call this future supercontinent “Amasia”. Learn more at the BBC.

What are continents made of? Cratons are the core of continents. They are the oldest and sturdiest part of landmasses, and their roots (yes, rocks have roots) descend many miles into the Earth’s crust.

How are continents defined? In World Geography, we learned about the seven continents of the world: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, North America and South America. Some geologists quibble with the notion that there are seven continents. Perhaps Europe and Asia should actually be one continent (called Eurasia), or others claim, North and South America technically make one continent. However, those are not the prevailing beliefs. The word continent comes from the land phrase, “terra continens,” which meant “continuous land.” Continēnt literally meant “holding together.”

The names of the continents are contentious. Etymologists still haven’t pinned down the particular root for the word “Europe.” It shows up in Greek mythology in the form of a woman, Europa, who seduced Zeus, but its exact origin is uncertain. It has referred to what we know of as Europe, though, for a very long time. The word Asia comes from the Akkadian word “asus” which meant “to go out, to rise” in reference to the sun. So, Asia technically meant “the land where the sunrises.” From the perspective of Europe, Asia is in the direction of where the sun rises. Africa comes from the Latin name, Afri, which referred to people who lived in North Africa. It is unclear what “afri” meant.” Learn how the Americas were named here.

Australia and Antarctica both refer to the geographic positions of the continents in relation to Europe. Australia is derived from the Latin word australis, which meant “southern.” Antarctica simply means “opposite of the Arctic.”

How did the Yellow, Black and Red Seas get their names? Find out here.

Do you have a better name for the future continent? What is it?


States News Service October 25, 2011 WASHINGTON, DC — The following information was released by the Airline Pilots Association:

The Air Line Pilots Association, Int’l (ALPA) and the Air Transport Association of America (ATA) today began operating the seventh test site for the Known Crewmember program at Boston Logan International Airport. Known Crewmember, an enhanced security-screening program for airline crew members, positively verifies a pilot’s identity and employment status, strengthening aviation security and shortening screening lines for passengers. this web site boston logan airport

“Since 2007, the Air Line Pilots Association, Int’l, has led a national effort, engaging with the Air Transport Association, the Transportation Security Administration, and the airlines, to make the Known Crewmember program a reality,” said Capt. Lee Moak, ALPA’s president. “This enhanced screening process recognizes the extensive background checks pilots receive as part of their employment and, importantly, airline pilots’ critical role and responsibility in securing their aircraft each and every time they fly.” “We are pleased to partner with ALPA and TSA to advance an enhanced security-screening system that can improve security and reduce passenger screening congestion, benefiting both passengers and crew members,” said ATA President and CEO Nicholas E. Calio. “We urge the TSA to include flight attendants in the Known Crewmember screening system so that the screening system will be further enhanced.” The Known Crewmember program enables Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officers to verify the identity and employment status of airline flight crew members. As a result, airline pilots, who already undergo thorough criminal background and employment checks as a condition of their employment, will be subject to a more efficient security-screening process. Both ALPA and the ATA have asked the TSA to include flight attendants in the future.

It is the goal of ALPA and the ATA to make the program available to all U.S. airline pilots, and 28 airlines already have connected to the system. bostonloganairportnow.net boston logan airport

Boston Logan International Airport is the seventh and final trial site for the Known Crewmember program, with the other trial access points located at Chicago O’Hare International Airport, Miami International Airport, Minneapolis–St. Paul International Airport, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Seattle–Tacoma International Airport, and Washington Dulles International Airport.

With the Boston Logan International Airport test site now operational, the Known Crewmember Program begins a 90-day evaluation period at the seven selected airports. At the end of the 90 days, the TSA, working with ATA and ALPA, will evaluate the results and consider a potential next stage of the program.


  1. hokie pokie -  July 24, 2012 - 10:28 am

    I LOVE Asia, so exotic! I don’t think America + Asia = A very good match because they are so different! Asia, exotic and unusual, America, beautiful, but not very unusual or exotic… Again, even with Amasia there will be the rest of America and Asia which are not touching, so… I guess it won’t be that different… Yep.

  2. Angel -  July 2, 2012 - 2:03 pm

    Actually, I’d call it Continent Earth.

  3. Stella -  May 30, 2012 - 1:45 am

    @Socrates: HAHAHAHAHA Amnesia! LOL

  4. Mr. D [A.K.A] Elysian -  March 7, 2012 - 10:50 am

    Yeah in 50 million years L.A. will be sand in the bottom of the ocean lol..

  5. thomas jefferson -  March 7, 2012 - 7:42 am


  6. SnipahKitteh -  March 5, 2012 - 6:35 am

    @ lando lol

  7. SnipahKitteh -  March 5, 2012 - 6:34 am

    What does God have to do with this? They never said he ISN’T real!

  8. SnipahKitteh -  March 5, 2012 - 6:33 am

    I don’t think that it will have a name. Think about it. Humans may be abundant now, but we’re destroying the world. We’re polluting ourselves to death. We might be extinct in 50-200 million years.

  9. mary torres 4 ever -  March 3, 2012 - 8:02 pm

    @oniya no you go away ugly person

  10. oniya -  March 2, 2012 - 4:42 pm

    you are so not good fight you are go away.

  11. QWERTY -  February 29, 2012 - 3:41 pm

    God is real Pangaea ain’t


  12. QWERTY -  February 29, 2012 - 3:39 pm

    Never gonna happen Cu’s there was no evolution, thus no PANGAEA! Just because someone has a degree in science doesn’t mean they can say whatever and expect us 2 believe it. God is real!

  13. Trebles -  February 26, 2012 - 8:58 am

    Ryan, of “yes i know where am i going??????????in heaven!!!!!!!!!!!:

    Well done. But keep it to yourself, mate. You’ll frighten people on here.

  14. Trebles -  February 26, 2012 - 8:55 am

    Here on what are known as the Granitic Islands of the Seychelles (check a map; about 1,000 kilometres off Kenya in the Indian Ocean) we are living on slivers of granite that would have been in the middle of Gondwanaland before India and Africa parted company. I love it that when you look at a world map, Africa and India so obviously were once one. As for a name for a new supercontinent, couldn’t be arsed.

  15. Lando Calrissian -  February 23, 2012 - 6:10 pm

    Where will L.A. be? At the bottom of the Pacific.

  16. Ryno -  February 23, 2012 - 1:05 am

    2 words that would be the perfect name for all this…………….Terra Nova. You heard me

  17. ryan -  February 20, 2012 - 1:05 am

    yes i know where am i going??????????in heaven!!!!!!!!!!!

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