Admit it, whether you regard yourself as a scholar of linguistics or a self proclaimed language snob – you’ve, at least once, crossed over to the dark side and used the word “like” in a sentence where it, like, doesn’t belong. Narrowly escaping the grammar police, you catch yourself, cringe and promise never again! This usage of “like” is known as a slang interjection. This form as well as the adverbial use of “like” dates back a lot further than you might think.

Many people believe Moon Unit Zappa and her 1982 single Valley Girl are responsible for popularizing this usage of “like” precisely at the moment Ms. Zappa sang, “It’s like, barf me out.” The sociolect that the song celebrates, Valspeak, originates in Southern California.  In reality, the slang use of the word “like” has been a part of popular culture dating as far back as 1928 and a cartoon in the “New Yorker” that depicts two women discussing a man’s workspace with a text that reads, “What’s he got – an awfice?” “No, he’s got like a loft.” The word pops up again in 1962’s A Clockwork Orange as the narrator proclaims, “I, like, didn’t say anything.”

The notorius usage of “like” appeared as linguistic filler as early as the 19th century with the following passage in Robert Louis Stevenson’s 1886 novel Kidnapped: “’What’s like wrong with him?’ said she at last.”

“Like” is an extensible word that can be used as a noun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, particle, conjunction, and interjection. What uses of “like” do you think are acceptable and which should be discouraged? Let us know your thoughts.

The Orchard Celebrates the Release of Mojo Nixon’s Latest Album.

Health & Beauty Close-Up November 1, 2009 In support and celebration of the release of Mojo Nixon’s latest album “Whiskey Rebellion,” The Orchard, a full service media company specializing in the distribution of music and video entertainment, on October 6 announced that Mojo’s entire catalog would be available to download at no cost, exclusively from Amazon MP3. amazon promotional code

Since this announcement, The Orchard reported that the promotion has led to more than one million downloads of Mojo’s music. The downloads were available at amazon.com/mojo until October 28th.

“The successful execution of this promotion has generated tremendous awareness for Mojo,” said Brad Navin, EVP and General Manager of The Orchard. “This is a showcase of how The Orchard, as a nimble and forward-thinking company, has the ability to orchestrate trendsetting promotions for our clients. The success of this promotion will be measured by its long-term benefits, not the short-term risks, and our expectation is that it will generate sales momentum.” Mojo Nixon’s current catalog includes 11 albums and 144 tracks. The downloads for this music during the two weeks of the Amazon promotional period amounted to a 23,000 percent increase from paid downloads across all digital retail networks in the United States during the first half of 2009. this web site amazon promotional code

Mojo Nixon is currently a full-time on-air personality on Sirius XM Satellite radio hosting a daily music show on the Outlaw Country channel, a weekly political talk show on the Raw Dog Comedy Channel and a weekly racing show on the NASCAR channel.

((Comments on this story may be sent to health@closeupmedia.com))

Fast and furious: Point-happy Arena Football perfect for high-tech times.(Sports)

The Washington Times (Washington, DC) July 3, 1996 | Loverro, Thom HARTFORD, Conn. – As the public address announcer screams over the sound system at the Hartford Civic Center, and the fans howl in the stands, someone dressed in a Coyote costume drives a small race car onto the field to deliver the game ball to the referee for the opening kickoff between the San Jose Sabercats and the Connecticut Coyotes.

This is not pro football as George Halas envisioned it.

What this is, though, is a version of pro football that might be perfectly suited for these high-tech, fast-action times – Arena Football.

The game – played indoors on a 50-yard field with eight men on a side playing offense and defense – no longer is a novelty act. The league is celebrating its 10th season of existence and appears to be riding a crest of popularity, with franchises in 15 cities, and two more to be added next year.

Some of those franchises are shaky, but others, like Albany and Phoenix, are selling out. Overall, the average attendance is 10,087 to watch a brand of football where 50 points a game is considered low. The Albany Firebirds have scored more than 80 points three times this season.

“Arena Football has outlasted the National Football League’s World League [in the United States], the USFL [the United States Football League] and the Canadian League in the United States,” said James Drucker, Arena Football League commissioner. “Our 10 seasons is greater than their combined eight seasons.

“This league has real staying power, and it’s relatively simple – the game is brilliantly exciting,” Drucker said.

“Brilliant” might be a bit dramatic, but there is a kernel of truth in it. Coming up with a successful new sports venture during these competitive times might be worthy of such praise. Not only has Arena Football competed with those other failed football leagues, but also with other professional sports ventures, such as indoor soccer, lacrosse and a host of other endeavors competing for a limited sports and entertainment dollar. go to site driving test game

The man who came up with the concept, former NFL executive Jim Foster, was inspired by attending a Major Indoor Soccer League game in February 1981.

“At that time I was promotions manager for the National Football League in New York,” said Foster, who founded the league and is now the owner of the Iowa Barnstormers, one of the most successful franchises in the league. “I went to Madison Square Garden with a colleague from the NFL to see my first indoor soccer game. Literally while I was watching it, I turned to my friend and said if you can play soccer indoors, why not football?

“I proceeded to draw on a 9 by 12 Manila envelope out of my briefcase, which I still have, and drew the outline of a hockey rink on it, which was in essence what they play indoor soccer on, and started to make some notes about how you would play football indoors,” Foster said. “Most of what is in the game of Arena Football is on that envelope.” He figured that with a smaller field necessary for the indoor game, fewer players would be needed. Foster grew up in Iowa, where, because of small student populations, schools play seven- and eight-man football, so he figured he could use that for the Arena game. He came up with the rebound nets, the large nets that hang in the back of each end zone, which allow balls to be played off them and caught. That idea was inspired by the old “pitch-back” net he used in his backyard as a kid playing baseball.

Foster developed more rules, and by 1982 had come up with a strong enough presentation that NBC signed a contract for a test game. But that fell through when the USFL began. Foster wound up working in the USFL as the general manager of the Arizona Wranglers, and then went to the Chicago Blitz. By 1985, the Blitz folded, and Foster was doing marketing for the Chicago Sting indoor soccer team, when he decided the time was right to run his test game.

“I took what life savings I had and hired players in a minor league around Chicago,” Foster said. “We went to an arena in Rockford, Ill., northwest of Chicago. They had an indoor soccer turf they loaned to me. We put tape on it to make it look like a gridiron, and we literally tested whether or not it would work. I spent about $5,000 to have prototype goalposts with the nets built. For two days we practiced and scrimmaged, videotaping it.” They tested it in December 1985, and on April 12, 1986, they played the first game of Arena Football at the Rockford Metrocenter, inviting the public to come take a look at it. About 1,500 showed up, and word began to spread. The experiment received national coverage, and Foster raised more money to have another test game in February 1987 at the Rosemont Horizon, which drew about 8,500 people. web site driving test game

ESPN saw enough, and offered a contract for league games, even though there was no league at that point. Foster quickly formed a four-team league for a “preview” season, with teams in Chicago, Denver, Pittsburgh and Washington. “We played a six-week season with a championship game called the Arena Bowl in 1987,” Foster said. “We averaged about 12,600 in attendance and did very well in the ratings. We were like the hula hoops of sports that year, the hot item. I did Nightline; Sports Illustrated did a big story about it.” From there, the league has had its ups and downs. Internal bickering about the structure nearly caused it to fold several times, and television contracts have been erratic. But Foster kept it going in one form or another, and his persistence paid off. The league is at its strongest now, with another ESPN contract and plans to expand. The Washington area, which had teams in 1987, ’89 and ’90 at the Capital Centre, the Patriot Center and the Baltimore Arena, is not in those plans.

Foster has since stepped aside as commissioner to run his own team, the Iowa Barnstormers. “The league certainly has grown in stability and credibility,” he said. “People now recognize out there that this is a legitimate brand of football.” How legitimate is it? Drucker, a former Continental Basketball Association commissioner and legal correspondent for ESPN, insists it does not compete with the NFL, nor does it serve as a minor league. “We’re looking for a different type of player,” Drucker said. “We’re looking for players with greater versatility and greater stamina, whereas the NFL is looking for great specialists. We offer first-rate, two-way football.” Players do move back and forth between leagues, though. The Washington Redskins recently signed Jim Kitts, a fullback and linebacker from Albany. And Brian Allred, a defensive back and receiver with the Sabercats, who played high school football in Columbia, Md., has played with the Seattle Seahawks and the New York Giants. “I prefer 11-man football,” he said. “But this is sure a fast-paced game. Every play is potentially a touchdown, because the field is so small.” The league has attracted some recognizable faces. Former Dallas Cowboys quarterback Danny White is the coach and general manager of the Arizona Rattlers, owned by Phoenix Suns and Arizona Diamondbacks owner Jerry Colangelo.

On this Saturday night in Hartford, a familiar face to Redskins fans was playing offensive and defensive tackle for the Sabercats – Al Noga, who, apparently disappointed by his team’s 39-29 loss to the Coyotes, did not want to talk about his new league.

And Atlantic Coast Conference fans might recognize the San Jose quarterback, former Duke star Ben Bennett.

But it’s not a league of stars, obviously. It’s the game that draws fans. They are close to the action, and often players will interact with fans in the stands. And it is non-stop action, the sort of football that most fans played in sandlots, parking lots or wherever pickup games are held.

“It’s a great game for the fans, and you really can’t appreciate that until you see one in person,” said Connecticut coach Larry Kuharich, the son of former Redskins coach Joe Kuharich.

Basically, to make the game appealing to the fans, anything goes. On this night, the hometown Coyotes get an NBA-style introduction, with lasers, smoke and heavy metal music, with a tape of Michael Buffer’s “Let’s Get Ready to Rumble” all part of the introductions. It’s a page right out of World Championship Wrestling.

Fans are howling, waving “Howl” signs handed out at the door, keeping with the theme of the Coyotes, as their team scores the first 14 points of the game and goes on to win before the crowd of 8,246.

“We played the game tonight with passion,” Kuharich said after his team’s victory.

Speaking of passion, after the “Stephen Chevrolet Howler Girls” completed their on-field routine before the start of the second quarter, one of them was proposed to on the field. The fans stood and cheered as her girlfriends surrounded her to congratulate her after she accepted. The players stood by as the referee tried to get everyone off the field so the second quarter could resume.

In the current atmosphere of the disenfranchised sports fans, that is how you survive for 10 years.

Loverro, Thom

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  1. suitcase -  February 9, 2013 - 12:10 pm

    The bastardization of this horrid little word is more tragic than most here seem to realise. I am barely able to accept its overuse when someone speaks aloud (truth be told I want to slap them but I keep that a secret) but to see it actually typed in a forum scenario (imdb please stand up!) is beyond a joke. Not one for generalization, it appears to be the more vacuous and narcissistic members of society who are so deeply enamoured with its use. Half the comments here are by people who clearly think it’s a humorous and natural evolvement in etymology. I strongly disagree.

  2. Zuul Woodson -  February 21, 2012 - 3:09 pm

    Like OMG right? Like gosh. Like totally like whatever, like yeah. I talk like this everyday like totally yeah. LOL! LIKE TOTALLY LOL!! ttyl!

  3. Brittany -  December 15, 2011 - 8:50 am

    Like literaily it’s alot worse in text then it is when you talk, because some people (including me) talk really fast and it just pops in there and you don’t even notice until people tell you. But when you type it’s not as fast so you don’t use it that often as some of the above mocking comments. It’s just a bad habbit!

  4. Ray Owens -  November 22, 2011 - 2:32 am

    When I see how flippant some of the comments above are with reference to the use of ‘like’ so much these days I despair for those of us who really care about speech and proper use of language. English is a beautiful language and it pains me to see how it’s been managled particularly over the last twenty years or so.

    Another great misuse of language is the reply we so often get when we ask ‘How are you,’ instead of ‘fine, thank you,’ which is concise and polite, we very often get the awful ‘I’m good.’ – another dreadful Americanism.

  5. Sean -  October 29, 2011 - 9:42 am

    I call these people who overuse the word like all the time…”The Likers”

    In my job, I spend a lot of time listening to people speak from all different walks of life and different parts of the country. I think Ginny is the one who really nailed it. Most people these days who are younger than 40, male and female, have been subconsciously programmed to talk in Valley Speak by their peers, television or their kids.

    These Likers really have no clue. They are not even cognizant anymore of how many times they overuse the word like in their sentences. These days, if you ever talk to one of these robotic Valley Speakers, and you mention anything about how many times they say the word like, or “so”…they will usually get irritated or go hostile on you.

    Back in the 90′s, The Likers were a small group and still had some shame about overusing the word because on a faint level they still had some awareness about it. The Likers these days are just flat out indignant about it and wear their Like Addiction as a badge and put it right in your face.

    The ritualization of the word like is now cemented in modern culture and has become some kind of “linguistic rite of passage” into the 21st century. That’s why there are so many middle-aged people now who are converting over to becoming Likers. Subconsciously they don’t want to feel left out or excluded from everyone else in the Liker race.

  6. Joe -  October 15, 2011 - 4:47 am

    The English language is, arguably, the greatest gift that the English nation has given to the world – purely due to the language’s adaptbility and lexical diversity. After all, as someone who hearalds from this ‘sceptered isle’, I would be the first to say that we haven’t offered much else! It is a language that, for all of the destructive forces of former imperialism, and the ensuing mess that such endeavours left, has been welcomed with open arms across the world. However, that is my problem with the increasing, pervasive and corrosive use of ‘like’…

    Many words that are adopted into the English language add to its diversity and range of expressiveness. The language’s ability to adapt has enabled it to evolve and grow. Unfortunately though, this increasing use of ‘like’, coupled with accompanying gestures does nothing to enhance a language.

    Using this simple word in place of the multitude of verbs that the English language offers isn’t evolution – it’s regression. It’s nothing more than a grammatical cancer, supressing the use of the specific and soliciting social interaction to the lowest common denominator.

    I fear that its near ubiquitous use now undermines the marvelous multifariousness that has endeared this language to millions across the world.

    Did William Tindale really burn at the stake in 1536, in the cause of the then developing English language so that we could all once again see our speech subjected to a form of social reductionism – returning to not much more than the utterances and non-verbal gestures common to cave men? I think not…

    Verily, perhaps this vichyssoise of verbiage has perhaps veered a little too verbose, but allow me me to add simply that for those who value our language, please, please join me and fight against this fashionable, virulent, vernacular virmin!

  7. Like, Totally -  September 22, 2011 - 8:02 pm

    I think its fine to use “like” in a sentence besides its usual usage as long as you don’t act and overuse it like all those imfamous middle/high schoolers that talk/type like “YOUR LEIK TLLY ANNOYING AND STUFF, WHY DONT U LEIK JUST SHUT UPPPPP!” in their annoying sassy high pitched voices and their horrible grammar and improper usage of things like “You’re”. Surprisingly I haven’t really met a real one even though I’m only just starting the 8th grade, but c’mon. we all know they exist.

  8. don123 -  June 24, 2011 - 9:53 pm

    really i dont think like should be used if unnessasary

  9. simars -  June 24, 2011 - 2:59 pm

    all you people who have used the word like to introduce examples in the debate above should know that “such as” is considered more appropriate.
    like is also used for comparisons in which the proper syntax should be followed. eg: like josepph, I…
    Like Joseph’s car, I…. would be considered wrong.
    Like can also be used as a preposition when it is used to mean – “in a manner similar to.” In such contexts like cannot be used to introduce clauses and the word “as” is considered more appropriate.

  10. Vaciane -  June 24, 2011 - 10:09 am

    It’s tru. There’s really no need to say like all the time. I’m 13, and I hate it when my friends do it. I tell them that they sound really dumb, because there’s no need to say like al the time!

  11. Zippi -  May 25, 2011 - 3:33 pm

    Liza, I do exactly the same thing! Do people even listen what it is that they are saying? Personally, I think that, if a word is not necessary, you shouldn’t use it.

  12. Ben -  May 21, 2011 - 5:01 pm

    Well, there are two fundamental uses for ‘like’.

    1. Attraction — I like her.

    2. Similarity — A is like B.

    It is sense two that has been wildly overused in modern speech. My thought is that we use ‘like’ to avoid 100% commitment to what we say. Since ‘nothing is certain’ and ‘everything is relative’, yet we simultaneously have an urge to express our opinions about a variety of topics, ‘like’ creeps into our language as a way to express a ‘coating’ of approximation.

    That’s why teenage talk is so rife with ‘like’. They can say any old bullshit whilst justifying it with ‘like’.

    E.g. “I didn’t ACTUALLY say that X is Y; I said that X is LIKE Y’.

    The important thing is not the degree of similarity, but the fact that the statement is not indisputable fact.

  13. WALNUT -  May 20, 2011 - 2:39 pm




  14. WALNUT -  May 20, 2011 - 2:22 pm






  15. Nicole -  May 20, 2011 - 12:53 pm

    Somebody, like, spelled notorious wrong.

  16. Hannibal -  May 20, 2011 - 12:30 pm

    I go to high school and have to listen to all the stupid girls in my class say “like” about 30 times per sentence. I don’t care if you think I’m mean. Only stupid people need to use “like” as a spacer in their sentences because they can’t think of what they’re going to say before they say it. It’s just aggravating. Spit it out!

  17. Gi -  May 20, 2011 - 7:48 am

    I agree with Samael. It’s completely inappropriate to say “like” as a spacefiller. Whenever I hear people use “like” incorrectly I glare at them and punch their arms (my dad did the same thing to me when I was younger). My friends have learned to think before speaking from this, something everyone should do. There are times when people say “like” so many times that I can’t even understand what they’re saying so I make them stop and start over (and even then it’s not enough).

    It also gets on my nerves when people who are professionals (like the English teachers at my school) say it. You would think that they know better than to do that. The spacefiller “like” is inappropriate in conversation; if you don’t know what to say then don’t say anything.

  18. Oh Boy -  May 20, 2011 - 1:24 am

    It is 6:39 pm and this is the first time today i have used the word like in a sentance.

  19. Matthew B. Winkel -  May 20, 2011 - 12:53 am

    I (ironically) hated the shield-stealing like-likes in the Legend of Zelda series until they became the awesome, ginormous, easy-to-avoid 3-D ones in Ocarina of Time … *chuckle*

  20. Meekuu -  May 19, 2011 - 7:35 pm

    Well, I don’t even know what his Valley Girl thing is, but I say ‘like’ a lot, so I don’t think it has anything to do with that. Hate it when like is used way to many times in a sentence. Once had a classmate who was giving a speech and every other word they would say ‘like’ to stall time because they didn’t bother to memorize their speech.

  21. Fee -  May 19, 2011 - 12:14 pm

    I think people need to unbunch their knickers and accept that they have no control over common parlance, which is just as well because it fuels the evolution of language and if they were in charge we’d still be speaking ye olde Englishe, verily.
    Language evolves, pedants do not.

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