Tensions are high on the Korean Peninsula. The aggression by North Korea on the South has captured the world’s attention and raised a number of questions about Korea’s history, names, and geography.

Prior to 1910, Korea was a kingdom. Then, from 1910 to 1945, the country was under Japanese rule. At the end of World War II, the country was divided into two occupational zones along the thirty-eighth parallel. In 1948, these areas became the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, or DPRK, in the north, and The Republic of Korea, or ROK, in the south.

The strip of land, or buffer zone, between North and South Korea is called the Korean Demilitarized Zone, or DMZ. The DMZ cuts the Korean Peninsula roughly in half.

Korean is the official language of both North and South Korea. It is also one of the official languages of the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in China.

Throughout history, Korea has been referred to by different names by both its residents and outsiders. The name “Korea,” used by English speakers today, appears to have derived during the time of the Silk Road when the dynasty in Korea called itself Goryeo. The word was transliterated as “Cauli” in Italian and used by Marco Polo. The English words “Corea” and then “Korea” came from this transliteration. South Korea refers to the  whole, undivided peninsula as “Han-guk.” North Korea calls it “Choson.” One term for the region roughly translates into English as “The Land of the Morning Calm.” Let’s hope that name rings true soon.


The Beacon News – Aurora (IL) November 8, 2000 PLAINFIELD — A Chicago man died Tuesday after being involved in a two-car collision at 1:28 p.m. at Route 59 and 127th Street, Plainfield police said. The man, whose identification was being withheld pending notification of his family, apparently entered the intersection without stopping while traveling east on 127th Street, police said. go to web site 2000 jeep grand cherokee

His 1994 Dodge Intrepid collided in the intersection with a 2000 Jeep Grand Cherokee driven by Dorothy D. Stott, 37, of the 15300 block of Dan Patch Drive, Plainfield.

Stott was taken to Rush-Copley Medical Center in Aurora. 2000jeepgrandcherokeenow.net 2000 jeep grand cherokee

Hospital officials said a Debra Stott was treated and released Tuesday.

The man was taken to Provena St. Joseph Medical Center in Joliet where he was pronounced dead at 2:26 p.m., police said.

Route 59 was closed for about 2-1/2 hours while officers from Plainfield, Naperville and the Will County Sheriff’s Department investigated the accident.

The force of the collision left the Jeep sitting upside-down in the southeast corner of the intersection, while the Dodge came to rest in a field nearby, police said.

The accident is still under investigation, police said.


  1. wolf tamer and tree puncher -  November 19, 2013 - 5:57 am

    I agree with Stella. It’s like calling Germany “Deutschland.”
    U guys should read “When My Name Was Keoko.” I don’t remember who it’s by, but it’s about a family during the Japanese takeover of Korea. It’s a good book.

  2. Stella -  May 30, 2012 - 1:27 am

    @71tae why throw stones at others. no one likes people like you

  3. Stella -  May 30, 2012 - 1:21 am

    It’s like calling germany ‘Deutschland’

  4. 나 한국인 ㅋ. -  April 28, 2012 - 10:59 pm

    @randomkorean, Actually, contradictory to what you said, we have different names for both. We don’t actually say “nam” when talking about north america

    • huh -  April 11, 2014 - 9:53 pm

      …? what are you trying to say? none of what you’re saying makes any sense

  5. Apostate -  March 6, 2012 - 1:44 pm

    @maple leafs

    You have to separate the written language and the oral language. It is true that Chinese written language (ideograms) were historically used in Korea, however, the oral language of Korea is completely different from the various Chinese languages, i.e., Korean and Japanese is monotone, Mandarin is six tonal, Cantonese is four tonal. The grammar is completely different as well.

    Think of English alphabet where each letter represents a sound. Korean invented han-gul (Korean alphabet) to do the same while Japanese adopted and simplied Chinese ideograms to represent sound, i.e., hiragana and katagana.

  6. Sebaztian -  February 25, 2012 - 11:06 am

    Just kidding!!!!
    luv both o ‘em….

  7. Sebaztian -  February 25, 2012 - 11:03 am

    I luv south korea,, not that pesky north!!!

  8. v(=ㅂ=)v -  May 29, 2011 - 12:45 pm

    The article really helped me with my project~
    I loved reading your article too, lol thanks
    –> 나보다 잘아네 >(=ㅂ=)<

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