Gosh, golly, and gee casually express surprise or excitement, right? Actually, they have a more serious origin and purpose.

While this folksy trio are informal interjections, they are also euphemistic alterations of the word “god” or, in the case of gee, “Jesus.” The use of gosh predates golly by about 100 years. 

Euphemisms substitute a mild or vague expression for one that is considered to be offensive or harsh. They often come into play with words concerned with religion, sex, death, and excreta. For example, if you wanted to employ a euphemism to say that someone died, you might say that he passed away or departed.

The derivation of euphemism is the Greek root eu-, which means “good,” and pheme, which means “speaking.” During religious ceremonies, ancient Greeks superstitiously avoided euphemes. These were words or phrases that were considered sacred, such as the name of a deity like Persephone.

 Ancient Greeks weren’t the only people to consider certain words ineffable. Religious Jews use the tetragrammaton or, tetragram, as a sort of euphemistic Hebrew name for God that was supposedly revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai. It consists of the four consonants Y H V H or Y H W H. It’s modern transliteration is Jehovah or Yahweh.

Blaspheme is the opposite of eupheme. What’s the difference between blasphemous language, cursing, and swearing? Read about that here.

Electronic Arts Posts Q4 FY11 and FY11 Financial Results.

Entertainment Close-up May 9, 2011 Electronic Arts Inc. announced preliminary financial results for its fourth fiscal quarter and fiscal year ended March 31.

“We’re happy to report another strong quarter, top and bottom line. We’re particularly proud of the scale and growth rate of our digital business,” said John Riccitiello, CEO. “EA is building its digital business in a way only EA can, with key brands performing well cross-platform from mobile, to social to console.” “Our fourth quarter and full year non-GAAP EPS hit the top of our guidance range,” said Eric Brown, Chief Financial Officer. “Digital revenue exceeded our $750 million full year non-GAAP target, driving higher profitability.” In a release on May 4, the Company noted that selected operating highlights and metrics include:

-EA was the No. 1 publisher in the Western World in Q4 on high definition consoles and No. 1 on the PC. EA was the No. 1 publisher in Europe and increased segment share by three points to 20 percent.

-EA delivered 15 titles rated 80 or above by Metacritic in fiscal 2011. Mass Effect 2 won more than 150 quality awards including Game of the Year at both the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.

-EA held 15 of the top 25 paid games on the iPhone Easter Weekend. Revenue from iOS devices and from our Playfish social gaming site both increased by more than 100 percent in the fourth quarter as compared to the same period fiscal 2010. here dragon age 2 characters

-EA shipped seven titles in the fourth quarter that have already sold in over 1 million units each, life to date. Crysis 2, Dragon Age 2, and Dead Space 2 each sold in more than two million units.

-Life to date, including digital, FIFA 11 sold in 12 million units; Battlefield: Bad Company 2 sold in over seven million units; and Medal of Honor, Need for Speed Hot Pursuit, and Madden NFL 11 each sold in over five million units.

-Cumulative sales of Dead Space 2 are currently 40 percent higher than sales of the original Dead Space game over a comparable period.

-The EA Sports FIFA franchise generated over $100 million in non-GAAP digital revenue in fiscal 2011.

First Quarter Fiscal Year 2012 Expectations – Ending June 30, -GAAP net revenue is expected to be approximately $910 to $950 million.

-Non-GAAP net revenue is expected to be approximately $460 to $500 million.

-GAAP diluted earnings per share is expected to be approximately $0.44 to $0.53.

-Non-GAAP diluted loss per share is expected to be approximately $(0.49) to $(0.44).

-For purposes of calculating first quarter fiscal year 2012 earnings/loss per share, the Company estimates a diluted share count of 334 million for GAAP earnings per share and 330 million for non-GAAP loss per share.

-Expected non-GAAP net income excludes the following items from expected GAAP net income:

-Non-GAAP net revenue is expected to be approximately $450 million lower than GAAP net revenue due to the impact of the change in deferred net revenue (packaged goods and digital content);

-Approximately $40 to 45 million of estimated stock-based compensation;

-Approximately $16 million of acquisition-related expenses;

-Approximately $5 million of restructuring charges; and -Non-GAAP tax expenses are expected to be $68 to $75 million lower than GAAP tax expenses.

Fiscal Year 2012 Expectations – Ending March 31, 2012 -GAAP net revenue is expected to be approximately $3.7 to $3.9 billion.

-Non-GAAP net revenue is expected to be approximately $3.75 to $3.95 billion.

-GAAP diluted earnings per share is expected to be between break-even and $0.28. website dragon age 2 characters

-Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share is expected to be approximately $0.70 to $0.90.

-For purposes of calculating fiscal year 2012 earnings per share, the Company estimates a diluted share count of 329 million.

-Expected non-GAAP net income excludes the following items from expected GAAP net income:

-Non-GAAP net revenue is expected to be approximately $50 million higher than GAAP net revenue due to the impact of the change in deferred net revenue (packaged goods and digital content);

-Approximately $160 million of estimated stock-based compensation;

-Approximately $50 million of acquisition-related expenses;

-Approximately $10 million of restructuring charges; and -Non-GAAP tax expenses are expected to be $40 to $65 million higher than GAAP tax expenses.

Electronic Arts may consider whether other significant non-recurring items that arise in the future should also be excluded in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures it uses.

Electronic Arts believes that these non-GAAP financial measures, when taken together with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, provide meaningful supplemental information regarding the Company’s performance by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of the Company’s core business, operating results or future outlook. Electronic Arts’ management uses, and believes that investors benefit from referring to, these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing the Company’s operating results both as a consolidated entity and at the business unit level, as well as when planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate comparisons of the Company’s performance to prior periods.

Electronic Arts is a company focused on digital interactive entertainment.

((Comments on this story may be sent to newsdesk@closeupmedia.com))


  1. Gizelle -  February 7, 2014 - 2:54 pm

    My mom used to slap me for saying gee whiz. She said it was too close to saying Jesus. I used to get so mad because I didn’t mean it that way and I was sure no one interpreted it that way. I always thought she was nuts!

  2. pearl -  October 24, 2013 - 11:39 am

    What abour saying oh my goodness? I hear that a lot and when I looked it up it was also considered to be another word meaning God.

  3. Malcolm -  April 16, 2013 - 3:50 pm

    I remember an early seventies comedy starring a British comedy actor Derek Nimmo. He played a very mild mannered vicar. His catchphrase was ‘Oh My Golly Gosh’. Does anyone remember this comedy series. It was being shown at the same period as Please Sir, Fenn St Gang, etc etc.

  4. Lisa -  April 11, 2013 - 1:15 pm

    The person saying the phrase “Ya know” is doing so to get a positive response or acknowledgement to their comment. Asking them if they understand, not in a way to make it seem that the person they are talking to is dumb, but in a way to get an acceptance of their thoughts. At least that is how I think of it. I am a person who uses that phrase more than I should or I say it this way as well.
    “Ya know what I mean?” That’s just my two cents.

  5. Dana -  August 10, 2012 - 7:52 am

    Maybe the “Yeah no” is really a slurred version of “Yeah, I know”, as in “Yeah, I know. I do that, too.” It is easy for the middle word “I” to get lost and sound like just “Yeah no”.
    Slurring — That’s how “I would have done something” began to sound like “I would OF done something.”

  6. Dennis Laren Harden -  July 13, 2012 - 6:43 am

    hades and heck- two other names , interjections and they are also two euphernistic alternatives of the word hell . 1.Heck- that place you go to if you dont believe in Gosh. 2.Hades -that place you go to if you dont believe in Golly. 3.Hell- that place you go to if you dont believe in God. and 4.Oh my lo! is also short for : oh my land and oh my lard. 5.Chrizt another way to spell Christ. 6.Geaz another way to spell Geez. 1.Geez Louise 2.Geaz Louise

  7. Dennis Laren Harden -  July 9, 2012 - 11:10 am

    jessus chris’ is my lard and savour – is another way of saying jesus christ is my lord and savior and oh my lo! is short for oh my lord

  8. Dennis Laren Harden -  June 20, 2012 - 8:49 am

    oh my land same as saying oh my lord , and oh land same as saying oh lord , and my land same as saying my lord

  9. Dennis Laren Harden -  June 20, 2012 - 8:37 am

    oh my land an interjection of the term oh my lord , and my land an interjection of the term my lord and oh land a interjection of the term oh lord

  10. Dennis Laren Harden -  June 19, 2012 - 3:26 pm

    {n.} gee whiz the south jersey /athf word for” jesus”.used to not offend sensitive viewers or the fcc.

  11. Dennis Laren Harden -  June 19, 2012 - 3:19 pm

    gee wiz is like saying “jesus” without being accused of swearing more often used as a negative exclamation than a positive one. like saying 1.Gee Wiz what have you done with your hair 2.Jesus christ what have you done with your hair. 3.Geez louise what have you done with your hair.

  12. Michael Robinson -  May 19, 2012 - 2:20 pm

    Euphemisms by design are intended to “pretty-up” blasphemes.

    The difference between Cursing, Swearing, and Blasphemous Language is for example:

    Cursing: The words “dang, dang-it, gosh dang-it” are asking God to damn the object that you are cursing. Of course, if the speaker didn’t really intend to invoke the name of God to actually damn something to hell, then he has therefore used the Name of god in vain. (“in vain” conveys this meaning: deliberate fruitlessness, idle threat, no intended substance or worth).

    Cursing is often considered a profanity because God has said:
    “Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.” Exodus 20:7

    Swearing: ex: “I swear on my mother’s grave”. Is to issue a binding oath; a solemn declaration or affirmation. In order to seal his oath as authentic, or sincere to the core of his being, the swearer often invokes something of universally accepted merit, importance, or sacred truth to imply that his personal credence is of equal virtue to that in which he has sworn upon.

    Swearing is often considered a profanity because God has said: “But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath.” —James 5:12

    Blasphemous Language: “Blaspheme” basically means “evil-speaking”. It is perceived as irreverent language; showing lack of due respect or veneration toward what is held to be sacred; therefore, the interpretation is quite subjective.

    For example: If a person is of a Muslim or Catholic faith, he may consider it to be Blasphemous to point out that in the balance both of these religions are equal, in that they both unknowingly worshiping the man Nimrod (son of Cush).

    It is a historical fact that the Islamic faith uses the name “Allah” in place of the name Nimrod; while the Catholic faith uses the name “Jesus” in place of the name Nimrod, and furthermore the Catholic faith uses the name “Mary the Queen of the Heavens” in place of Nimrod’s mother, Semiramis Queen of the Heavens. But in spite of the historical documentation of these facts having been recorded by these religions themselves, the faithful believers are readily offended by even the mere mention of these facts. History shows that it is preferable to those who “religiously” follow the Catholic and Muslim faiths to simply claim blasphemy and kill the messenger rather than to examine the underlying facts of the message.

    Although belief systems are deeply personal, they can become cultural systems which almost always influence the worldview of the religious minded person even if based soley upon emotion and blind faith.

    Today’s modern religions seem to come in more sophisticated packaging, such as Atheism, Gnosticism, Secular Humanism, Gaia Worship, and Faith-Based Scientific Claims such as global warming, evolution, etc. The faithful practitioners of these arts may consider it to be Blasphemous to point out the religious nature of their belief systems.

    But in all cases, religion is mankind’s attempt to “cover himself” with God. The first religion is where Adam covered his nakedness with a fig leaf. Adam may have felt more respect-worthy by concealing the evidences of his transgression, but in spite of hiding the evidence the broken relationship remained.

    The words that come out of our mouth reflect what is in our heart. That’s why, by nature, no other name on earth is used as a cuss word, except the Name of God (in various forms). By nature, mankind is profane and the sum of his life is vanity. God says, “The heart of man is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: Who can know it” Jer. 17:9.

    Instead of “prettying-up” our blasphemies, it may be wise for each of to consider how to restore our own personal relationship with God Almighty and gain Holiness as our first nature, rather than concealing our profanity with euphemisms , religious beliefs and practices.

  13. Don't Talk to Me -  April 7, 2012 - 7:52 am

    Sort of boring article….. But I liked it anyways….. I clicked on the difference between blasphemous words…. But it was just a blank page… Weird? or what?

  14. Mike -  March 21, 2012 - 9:44 pm

    Yeah! First post!!!!! Whooohooo!!!

  15. Yeah...No -  February 27, 2012 - 11:44 am

    My friends are going to a heavy metal band concert tonight and I think you should come.


    Yeah…that’s nice, but no I wont be going.

    That’s what it means. Yes, I understand what you are saying,,,but no I wont be having any of it.

  16. bob -  January 15, 2012 - 8:48 am

    Jeez for Jesus or Jee, but Gee ? Gee as in geek?

    check spelling , it took me some time to make the connection of Gee for J


  17. Redmask -  December 22, 2011 - 1:07 am

    if one uses a code word that no one else recognizes, is that code word still tied to the original word (meaning)? If someone says golly!, but no one knows it refers to god, does it still mean god?

  18. elizabeth -  November 17, 2011 - 9:44 am

    I went to a Catholic high school, and one teacher took these words so seriously that we would get in big trouble for saying “gosh” or “gee,” etc., because he said it was still like taking the Lord’s name in vain. I thought it was kind of silly, but I guess if that’s really important to someone, then it would also be important not to use the euphemisms!

  19. prin09 -  May 19, 2011 - 9:50 pm

    @vanessa damn isn’t a bad word

  20. Stacy -  April 24, 2011 - 4:29 pm

    The only person I know to have said these three words was ‘Ernest P. Worrell’. I always thought it was cute even though I don’t say them myself. But I always thought taking the Lord’s name in vain was the G-D word. No that word I do not tolerate whatsoever. And, of course, saying Jesus Christ as slang and placing any word after Holy is terrible. Gosh, golly and gee to me don’t sound like saying you’re using it as a substitute for God. I say God a lot but not in slang terms. In prayer, yes. I don’t curse but I guess when I get agitated I do say ,’crap’ which is probably worse than gosh, golly and gee. Maybe I need to rethink my words. The S word was an Anglo-Saxon word for, well, we all know it’s for a bathroom break. When the French came over to America and heard this word, they thought it sounded to harsh and it was better to say ‘deficate’(which is in the dictionary) as it was more proper. So, now, people can just start saying, “Oh, deficate.” Either way, they both mean the same things. Though I wouldn’t say the s word.

  21. vlad -  January 21, 2011 - 11:30 am

    Very interesting (see Arte Johnson). I would love to know how “gee, whiz” originated. Also, many communicants seem HUNG UP on the meaning of IN VAIN. That seems to be a personal interpretation, I believe.
    Or I may be wrong (see Dennis Miller)

  22. toni sco -  January 18, 2011 - 3:59 am

    What does Gee Wilickers (spelling?) mean?

  23. stef -  January 15, 2011 - 7:19 pm

    no offense,but all of you should listen to the phrase: if you don’t have anything nice tosay,don’t say anything at all.

  24. Tetulicious -  January 15, 2011 - 7:18 pm

    I still don’t understand why so amny people still use the words ” Gosh, Golly, and Gee” when they would propably have read this article. By the way, can you see if you can find the definition and origin of the word Slang? I also still don’t know how the origin and definition are used when saying it.
    Also, see if you can figure out some words that babies make up and ( in some cases, like me ) use it for the rest of their lifes. It’s kinda like me, because my first word was ” Tetu”, and since then, my parents nicknamed me that. :)

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