Why Are People from the Netherlands Called Dutch?

Netherlands, Dutch, demonym

As we’ve discussed before, if you live in Michigan, you may consider yourself a Michigander or a Michiganian. (Check it out.) But why are demonyms so various and seemingly random? (A demonym is any name derived from a place. The word “demonym” was coined by Paul Dickson, an editor at Merriam-Webster, in his 1997 book Labels for Locals. Californian, Frenchmen, New Yorker, and Swiss are all demonyms.)

In some cases, the demonym preceded the place name. For example, Finland is the place where the Finns live, just as Germany is the place where the Germans live. The people came before the official government and place name. (Parts of what we call Germany was called Prussia until 1932.)

In English we denote place of origin by suffixes. The most common suffixes that denote place are: -(a)n (Chicagoan), -er (New Yorker), -ese (Chinese), -ian (Norwegian), and -ish (English). Where did these suffixes come form? Latin, of course. -ish actually comes from Old English, which is why citizens of the British Isles have -ish demonyms: Scottish, Welsh, English, etc. The other suffixes came from Latin, though they each convey slightly different senses. -ese most directly meant “belonging to or originating in a place.” -(a)n and -ian are variations on the same suffix meaning “belonging to.” -er was used principally in the sense of “one having to do with a thing,” as in lawyer or villager. As with most vocabulary in English, they all now coexist and serve the same purpose.

It’s also important not to confuse demonyms with adjectives. You can listen to an Argentinian song, but it is sung by an Argentine.

Now, what about the Dutch? There are three terms we need to define: Holland, the Netherlands, and Dutch. In Old English dutch simply meant “people or nation.” (This also explains why Germany is called Deutschland in German.) Over time, English-speaking people used the word Dutch to describe people from both the Netherlands and Germany. (At that point in time, in the early 1500s, the Netherlands and parts of Germany, along with Belgium and Luxembourg, were all part of the Holy Roman Empire.) Specifically the phrase “High Dutch” referred to people from the mountainous area of what is now southern Germany. “Low Dutch” referred to people from the flatlands in what is now the Netherlands. Within the Holy Roman Empire, the word “Netherlands” was used to describe people from the low-lying (nether) region (land). The term was so widely used that when they became a formal, separate country in 1815, they became the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The word “Holland” literally meant “wood-land” in Old English and originally referred to people from the northern region of the Netherlands. Over time, it came to apply to the entire country. Got all that?

Here are a few of our other favorite exceptions to the rule:

Do you have a favorite demonym? What’s the demonym for the folks who live where you live?

Questel*Orbit Launches PlusPat.(Brief Article)

Information Today November 1, 2000 Questel*Orbit Inc. has announced the introduction of PlusPat, a new product covering more than 30 million worldwide patent documents. PlusPat is available through both Questel*Orbit’s online and Internet services.

According to the announcement, PlusPat combines the European Patent Office’s (EPO) worldwide collection with U.S. and Japanese patent information, resulting in the only service to offer merged European and U.S. classification systems to worldwide patents as far back as the 1920s.

PlusPat also offers the following: go to web site new family search

* More than 30 million patent documents from 68 worldwide patenting authorities * More than 9 million English-language abstracts summarizing the inventions * The ability to perform detailed and extensive patent-family searches * The latest legal-status information * Classification indexing for patent retrieval of documents going back to the early 20th century “The well-known USPTO [United States Patent and Trademark Office], EPO, and International Patent classification systems are all provided in this file. In particular, the EPO classification allows users to conduct very accurate and comprehensive worldwide prior-art subject searches,” said David Dickens, director of patents business at Questel*Orbit and manager of the PlusPat project. “Along with more than 9 million English abstracts, the subject-searching capabilities in this file are absolutely unique. These features provide great value to technology researchers and to intellectual-property professionals.” PlusPat records combine all the publication stages for a patent/publication, from unexamined application to the examined application and the granted patent, including the publication stage descriptions. PlusPat also has formats that display a summary of the patent/publication, giving users a concise way to look at the information.

Another PlusPat feature is the availability of ECLA (European patent CLAssification) coding. The ECLA codes are based on the IPC (International Patent Classification) codes but are more specific, with over 80,000 additional subdivisions, and are updated monthly and retrospectively applied. in our site new family search

PlusPat’s patent-family search capability, including the legal status information and the family-equivalents data, allows a family command to be performed against a set of records. In addition to the existing family-results display, PlusPat merges all of the related family equivalents into one record. The new, family search and display command MFAM (Merged Family) is currently under development and will be available later this year.

All existing Questel*Orbit searching capabilities and display features are also available within PlusPat, including the following:

* Comprehensive data ranging * Standardized patent data * Family searching * Statistical analysis tools * Cross-file searching * Patent grouping and de-duplication * Legal and full-text display features

Dell Expands Cloud Strategy and Services with Microsoft Windows Azure Platform Appliance.

Computer Weekly News July 29, 2010 Today at Microsoft’s Worldwide Partner Conference, Dell and Microsoft Corp. announced a strategic partnership in which Dell intends to use the Windows Azure platform appliance, introduced by Microsoft today, as a part of its Dell Services Cloud to develop and deliver next-generation cloud services. The Windows Azure platform appliance will allow Dell to deliver private and public cloud services for Dell and its enterprise, public, small and medium-sized business customers. Dell will also work with Microsoft to develop a Dell-powered Windows Azure platform appliance for enterprise organizations to run in their data centers. The News Dell Services will begin implementing the limited production release of the Windows Azure platform appliance to host public and private clouds for its customers, leveraging its vertical industry expertise in providing options for the efficient delivery of flexible application hosting and IT operations. Dell Services will also provide advisory services, application migration, and integration and implementation services.

Dell will work with Microsoft to develop a Windows Azure platform appliance for large enterprise, public and hosting customers to deploy in their own data centers. The appliance will leverage infrastructure from Dell combined with the Windows Azure platform. Cloud Computing Responds to Changing Business Needs Dell and Microsoft understand cloud computing delivers significant efficiencies in infrastructure costs and allows IT to be more responsive to business needs. Recognizing that more organizations can benefit from the flexibility and efficiency of the Windows Azure platform, Dell and Microsoft have partnered to deliver an appliance to power a Dell platform-as-a-service (PaaS) Cloud.

Microsoft announced at its Worldwide Partner Conference here the limited production release of the Windows Azure platform appliance, a turnkey cloud platform for large service providers and enterprises to run in their own data centers. Customers and initial partners like Dell using the appliance in their data centers will have the scale-out application platform and data center efficiency of Windows Azure and SQL Azure offered by Microsoft today. Dell Data Center Solutions (DCS) has been working with Microsoft to build out and power Windows Azure platform since its launch. Dell will leverage the insight it has gained as a primary infrastructure partner for the Windows Azure platform to ensure that the Dell-powered Windows Azure platform appliance is optimized for power and space to save ongoing operating costs, and performance of high-scale cloud services. go to site dell coupon code go to site dell coupon code

Dell is a top provider of cloud computing infrastructure and its client roster includes 20 of the top 25 most heavily trafficked Internet sites and four of the top global search engines. Dell has been custom-designing infrastructure solutions for the leading global cloud service providers and hyperscale data center operators for the past three years. Through this customer insight, Dell has developed deep expertise about the specialized needs of organizations in hosting, HPC, Web 2.0, gaming, social networking, energy, SaaS, plus public and private cloud builders. Cloud Services Reduce Complexity and Increase Efficiency With the combined experience of Perot Systems and Dell, Dell Services delivers vertically-focused cloud solutions, unencumbered by traditional labor-intensive business models. Dell Services operates clouds today, delivering managed and support software-as-a-service to more than 10,000 global customers. In addition, Dell has a comprehensive suite of services designed to help customers take advantage of public and private cloud models. The new Dell PaaS powered by the Windows Azure platform appliance will allow Dell to offer customers an expanded suite of services, including cloud-based hosting and transformational services to help organizations move applications to the cloud. Quotes “Organizations are looking for innovative ways to use IT to increase their responsiveness to business needs and drive greater efficiency. With the Microsoft partnership and the Windows Azure platform appliance, Dell is expanding its cloud services capabilities to help customers reduce their total costs and increase their ability to succeed. The addition of the Dell-powered Windows Azure platform appliance marks an important expansion of Dell’s leadership as a top provider of cloud computing infrastructure.” – Peter Altabef, president, Dell Services.

“Microsoft and Dell have been building, implementing and operating massive cloud operations for years. Now we are extending our longstanding partnership to help usher in the new era of cloud computing, by giving customers and partners the ability to deploy Windows Azure platform in their datacenters.” – Bob Muglia, president, Microsoft Server and Tools. Additional Information: Dell Services Dell Cloud Computing Solutions Dell’s Inside Enterprise IT blog Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference Windows Azure About DELL Dell Inc. (NASDAQ: DELL) listens to customers and delivers worldwide innovative technology and business solutions they trust and value. Dell Services develops and delivers a comprehensive suite of services and solutions in applications, business process, consulting, infrastructure and support to help customers succeed. About Microsoft Founded in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT”) is the worldwide leader in software, services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.

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