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censorship, censor, redact, china, The Great FirewallCensorship is probably as old as language itself. Okay, maybe it’s not that old, but there were censorship laws in Ancient Greece and in Dynastic China more than 2,000 years ago. From the Latin verb censere meaning ”to appraise, value or judge,” the word “censor” was first used to name the Roman official who oversaw public morals. How censorship is implemented, though, shifts over time. Today, book burning has given way to internet firewalls and deleted content.

Last year, Facebook and Twitter played large roles in connecting the protestors of the Arab Spring and in broadcasting their message to the international community. The internet certainly has the potential to play a role in protests and anti-government movements. However, the web, by its nature, is searchable and can also be used by governments to find and stymie anti-government efforts.

From the outside, the choices of censors can seem bizarre. Take for example, the situation in China. China is notorious for its internet censorship, and government censors regularly delete posts on blogs and social media. Twitter and Facebook are completely disabled. Jokingly called “the Great Firewall,” the Chinese censorship department automatically flags undesirable content, and then human censors read each post and choose whether or not to delete it.

Recently, a group of graduate students at Carnegie Mellon University conducted a long-term project on what words are flagged by internet censors in China. They traced the likelihood that a post would be deleted if it contained certain words. Most words that attracted the attention of censors were predictable: Tiananmen Square, Tibet, Falun Gong. Other words really surprised the researchers. Polynices (the mythical son of Oedipus who supposedly encouraged anarchism) raises the eyebrows the censors. Most surprisingly iodized salt is flagged. Why salt? After the Fukushima earthquake, rumors spread around China that iodized salt could protect someone from radiation poisoning. In order to quell that rumor, the Chinese government has been directly censoring it.

Chinese citizens evade the censors with clever methods. They often use slang or homophones instead of directly addressing something. Also, they use Romanized letters (like English), which are not flagged by the search engines. Most clever of all, they sometimes use images of text instead of text itself. Images are not searchable on the web; they show up as blank space, unless you directly tag them with a description. So, you can write something, take a picture of it, and post the picture – completely under the radar.

What books have been censored in the US? Take our quiz on Banned Books to find out.

What do you think of these flagged words?

140 Comments

  1. wolf tamer and tree puncher -  November 26, 2013 - 4:38 am

    Way 2 Go Chinese! Woo Hoo! Way 2 evade being censored right under the government’s nose! Keep up the good work! (Please note: I am serious. I am not saying this ironically.)

    Reply
  2. nobody -  April 26, 2012 - 8:42 am

    i dont agree with #Syed Arshad# dont insult our intelligence why would u say fools write and idiots read we read to know you are the greatest idiot because you read it before i did
    .please dont e silly next time weigh your words

    Reply
  3. DJ RGT -  April 3, 2012 - 10:23 am

    hhhhhhhhooooooooo the hell is a hater

    Reply
  4. The Cheshire Cat -  April 2, 2012 - 2:42 pm

    Wow, I never thought that a word could literally be banned from a country! I wounder what would happen if you said the word salt in Chinese, in China…

    Reply
  5. The Cheshire Cat -  April 2, 2012 - 2:36 pm

    ME?! A HATER?! nah

    Reply
  6. mary torres ~lots of love ~ -  March 28, 2012 - 1:00 pm

    you all are haters

    Reply
  7. Julie -  March 28, 2012 - 12:31 pm

    Funny, I thought they’d ban the word salt because of Gandhi.

    Reply
  8. mary torres so uncuffed -  March 23, 2012 - 1:51 pm

    right its realy nothing your doing but yourself lol jk;)

    Reply
  9. Kayla -  March 22, 2012 - 6:18 pm

    And also? PLEASE leave the stuff that really SHOULD be censored out of here!

    Reply
  10. Sally Santiago -  March 21, 2012 - 10:05 pm

    Yeah really what is the big deal? I mean, sure it happened two thousand years ago and yes, I’m sure it was traumatic for them. But to censor a would because it is spread by a rumor. Isn’t that bit extreme? I mean, what if something like that happened where you live and someone started some ridiculous rumor about some absurd word? The government would have to spend time and money censoring out that word every time it appeared in magazines and/or tv, radio broadcasts etc..

    Reply
  11. Andrew -  March 20, 2012 - 4:22 pm

    I LOVE salt (opps!)

    Reply
  12. REGIONALENGLISH | BLOGCHI@mayopia.com -  March 20, 2012 - 2:36 pm

    [...] a halt — Poor Boy, Sub the work out and call it Sunday brunch — and please don’t Ban Gestalt. — Get the Car Michael but first put out the Stogie — Not On some piano or lobster [...]

    Reply
  13. Irony -  March 20, 2012 - 1:43 pm

    The ironic part of censoring “salt” is that there is an idiom “Salty Language” which means like curse words and stuff that should be censored. LOL!!

    Reply
  14. DJ RGT -  March 20, 2012 - 11:50 am

    but i’m canton mass doing business

    Reply
  15. mary torres so uncuffed -  March 20, 2012 - 6:46 am

    i love you ! lol (random)

    Reply
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